General topic 1: Politics and Government in Wales and England, c.1780-1832


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1. The Younger Pitt and the impact of the French revolution, 1790-1801.


Introductory powerpoint on 19th century Britain. How close was Britain to Revolution?

A short video showing the fear of 'the people' in 19th Century Parliament'



William Pitt - Homework task

Task 1 - Click on the picture to take you to the Spartacus resources on William Pitt. Use them to get a general idea about his lie and times.

Task 2 - Print off these notes on William Pitt



Try this revision quiz - But before you do re-read your work on 'How close was Britain to revolution 1783-1815'

Use the links below to help your revision:


2. Lord Liverpool's government and the radical challenge, 1812-1822.

Lord Liverpool came to power in 1812 at a difficult time. The French wars ended in 1815 and the British economy went into decline. Markets for industrial goods fell which left many unemployed as many soldiers came back from the wars. Landowners found the price of corn declining as European markets opened up. The Tory government under Liverool responded by replacing Income tax with indirect taxes which hit everybody and introducing the Corn Laws which kept the price of bread artificially high. The result was several years of protest and discontent. This period is summarised in the powerpoint below.

The Peterloo Massacre of 1819 was one of the most dramatic events of this period and was a clear example of the way in which the government and local authorities responded to protest and discontent. Click on the link to watch a brief video of the Peterloo Massacre story.


Now go to this BBC page and listen to the podcast on the Peterloo Massacre


Use the links below to help your revision:

3. The liberal Tory reforms, 1822-1830.

After 1822 the economy began to improve. There was more employment and the impact of radical political ideas and discontent began to recede. In 1822 there was a cabinet reshuffle and some new, more liberal, personalities came into government. Some historians have called this a period of 'enlightened' or 'liberal' Toryism. Look at the powerpoint below for a summary of this period.

Look at the interactive diagrams below for some ideas that will help you to understand the historical debates surrounding this period.

Revision Powerpoint: - Why did Liverpool's government choose repression not reform in the period 1812-22?


4. The Reform Bill Crisis and the reasons for the passing of the Reform Act of 1832

By 1828 Toryism was looking increasingly outdated and there was more and more demand for Parliamenary reform. The Whigs came to power in 1830 with a mandate to introduce a Reform Bill. This was introduced in 1832 and was the beginning of the reform process which was to eventually result in full democracy by 1928 in the United Kingdom. Look at the powerpoint below for a summary of the passing of the 1832 Reform Bill

Now go to this BBC page and listen to the podcast on the Great Reform Act


Go to the VictorianWeb pages for information on the 1832 Reform Bill :- The Reform Act Crisis 

                                                                                                            Terms of the 1832 Reform Act

British Prime Ministers

  1. Prime Minister Time Line

The Industrial Revolution

  1. The French Revolution

  2. Iron and Industry

  3. Factories and Machines

  4. Urban slums

  5. Thomas Paine and 'The Rights of Man'

  6. George IV

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